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Opinion on systematics of Orchideae is much divided. Advocates of classifications based on molecular results and following principles of monophyly support totally different circumscriptions of Anacamptis, Neotinea and Orchis (see, e.g., Bateman & al. 1997). More or less conservative classifications are proposed by, e.g., Buttler (2001) and Kreutz (2004).
For the time being, the Cyprus checklist is preferring a unification of the three genera mentioned above plus Aceras (see checklist for Germany; Buttler & Hand 2008). Orchis s. l. is paraphyletic from a molecularbiological point of view because several other genera such as Ophrys and Serapias are nested in its clade. Morphologically Anacamptis and Orchis are indistinguishable (see, e. g. Stace 2019).

Bateman R. M., Pridgeon A. M. & Chase M. W. 1997: Phylogenetics of subtribe Orchidinae (Orchidoideae, Orchidaceae) based on nuclear ITS sequences. 2. Infrageneric relationships and reclassification to achieve monophyly of Orchis sensu stricto. - Lindleyana 12: 113-141.
Buttler K. P. 2001: Taxonomy of Orchidaceae tribus Orchideae, a traditional approach. - J. Eur. Orch. 33: 7-32.
Buttler K. P. & Hand R. 2008: Liste der Gefäßpflanzen Deutschlands. - Kochia, Beih. 1.
Kreutz C. A. J. 2004: Die Orchideen von Zypern. The Orchids of Cyprus. - Landgraaf.
Stace C. 2019: New flora of the British Isles, ed. 4. - Middlewood Green.